Here is the official release:
Staying close to home and avoiding crowded places can help older adults reduce their risk of COVID-19. But a new national poll suggests it comes with a cost, especially for those with health challenges.
In June of this year, 56% of people over age 50 said they sometimes or often felt isolated from others—more than double the 27% who felt that way in a similar poll in 2018. Nearly half of those polled in June of this year also said they felt more isolated than they had just before the pandemic arrived in the United States and a third said they felt they had less companionship than before.
Social contacts suffered, too, with 46% of older adults reporting in June that they infrequently interacted with friends, neighbors or family outside their household—doing so once a week or less—compared with 28% who said this in 2018.
The new findings come from the National Poll on Healthy Aging, which is done for the University of Michigan’s Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation with support from AARP and Michigan Medicine, U-M’s academic medical center. Both the 2020 and 2018 polls on loneliness involved a national sample of more than 2,000 adults aged 50 to 80.
The poll points to some bright spots, too. For instance, the 46% of older adults who said they interacted with people in their neighborhood at least once a week were less likely to say they had experienced forms of loneliness. Technology also helped many people over 50 connect with others, including the 59% who reported using social media at least once a week and the 31% who used video chat at least once a week.
And many older adults said they engaged in healthy behaviors despite the pandemic—including 75% who said they were getting outdoors or interacting with nature and 62% who said they got exercise several times a week. But those experiencing loneliness were less likely to engage in these healthy behaviors.
“As the pandemic continues, it will be critical to pay attention to how well we as a society support the social and emotional needs of older adults,” said John Piette, professor at the U-M School of Public Health who worked with the poll team. “The intersection of loneliness and health still needs much study, but even as we gather new evidence, all of us can take time to reach out to older neighbors, friends and relatives in safe ways as they try to avoid the coronavirus.”
“The change we see in these measures in less than two years is truly remarkable,” says Preeti Malani, the U-M Medical School professor who directs the poll and has training in geriatrics and infectious diseases. “The use of technology to bridge the gap, and the importance of keeping up healthy routines like exercise, sleep, a balanced diet and getting outside will no doubt continue to be important in the months ahead.”
Interactions with health and lifestyle
Malani notes that 80% of those polled in June said they were eating a healthy diet and 81% said they got enough sleep—almost exactly the same as in the 2018 poll. The poll also found that half of those who live alone and just over half (52%) of those who are unemployed or disabled said they felt a lack of companionship, compared with 39% of those who live with others, work or are retired.